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Depression Article 2 from Ellis

Depression Article 2 from Ellis

What Are the Signs of Depression?

Below is a list of the common signs of depression:

  • Depressed mood
  • Loss of interest in activities
  • Changes in appetite or weight change
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Changes in activity (speeding up or slowing down)
  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • Feeling guilty, self-blame
  • Decreased ability to concentrate or make decisions
  • Loss or decrease in libido
  • Thinking about, or planning, suicide or death

Risk Factors

Depression is not caused by a single factor, instead, it results from the interactions of various factors that are outlined below:

  • Genetic risk
  • Chemical imbalance and hormonal changes
  • Negative or twisted thinking
  • Coping Strategies
  • Early trauma and loss
  • Life events
  • Lack of social supports, social rejection, stress
  • Marital and relationship issues

Depression Statistics

Depression/anxiety continues to be Canada’s fastest-rising diagnosis. From 1994 to 2004, visits for depression/anxiety made to doctors almost doubled. In 2003, that meant 11.6 million people consulted their doctor for symptoms related to depression/anxiety.   According to the WHO (World Health Organization) depression will be the leading cause of disability among developed nations by 2020.

Depression in Women

Women have made tremendous strides over the years in terms of education, job opportunities and equality. Yet, women are under a tremendous amount of pressure in day-to-day living.  Even though men have become more involved in child-rearing and household chores, women are more often than not, the primary care-giver and household manager.  Due to women’s caring and nurturing abilities, they tend to put everyone else’s needs before their own.  This has contributed to depression/anxiety being the leading cause of disability in women.  Depression/anixety in women occurs most frequently between the ages of 25 and 44. Married women have higher rates of depression than single women, with depression most likely occurring during childbearing years. Only one of every three depressed women will seek professional help. Almost 15 percent of women suffering from severe depression will commit suicide.  It is imperative that women start caring for themselves, and give themselves permission to do so.

Depression in Men

Men often cope with depression through substance abuse or anger. It is time for men to face themselves and have the courage to get help. If men do not reach out for help, the consequences could be dire. Men are three times as likely as women to commit suicide. Suicide is most common among men who are separated, widowed, divorced. One in seven men will develop depression/anxiety within 6 months of becoming unemployed. Retired men are also at an increased risk for depression/anxiety.

Depression in Children

Adults need to understand the emotional, relational, and psychological pressures and stress young people feel.  Research indicates that the rates of depression/anxiety occur earlier than in previous decades. Depression/anxiety rates are equal among boys and girls during childhood.  However, during adolescence (puberty), girls are twice as likely to experience depression/anxiety.  If depression/anxiety is in your family history, children will be more vulnerable to depression/anxiety.

A nationwide survey of Canadian youth by Statistics Canada found that 6.5%—more than a quarter million youth and young adults between 15 and 24—met the criteria for major depression in the past year.

Hope

It is vital to know that you are more than how you may be currently feeling, i.e. you are not defined by depression.  Depression is not weakness!  If you feel that depression has a hold on your life, professional help is available.  Therapists can be an intrinsic part of your health team and will offer strategies to help lift the fog of depression.
Ellis Nicolson, MDiv, RMFT
Private Practice, Mississauga
www.ellisnicolson.com

About Ellis

ellis-nicolsonEllis Nicolson is a Registered Marriage and Family Therapist, a clinical fellow of the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy and the Ontario Association for Marriage and Family Therapy.Ellis has expertise in the area of couple and family relationships. Ellis gives couples and families the tools to have great relationships with one another. Ellis has been working with couples and families for the past seven years with great success!

Ellis has hosted live call-in television programs geared towards healthy relationships, and his expertise has been sought in the Globe and Mail, Toronto Star, National Post, Sympatico, Vitality Magazine, and Sage Magazine.

Ellis, along with his associates has a thriving practice in Mississauga where relationships are being healed, families are working together, and people are better able to cope when triggered. Ellis teaches his clients how to have safe, secure and intimate relationships.


October 23, 2014

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